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. Biography of Arthur Conan Doyle

. Biography of Arthur Conan Doyle.

Arthur Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 7 July 1930) - British writer.

Arthur Conan Doyle was a famous British writer best known by the series of books about Sherlock Holmes. At the same time he led a medical career and supported spiritualism. The author of subtle detective stories was born on May 22nd, 1859, in the family of Irish Catholics. He got his middle name in honor of his fathers uncle, who was a writer and painter. His mother, Mary Foley, was passionate about literature and books. She had a great talent of a narrator that Arthur inherited. The future writer had to grow in a strange family, as his father suffered from alcoholism and had psychological problems. They often experienced financial difficulties. When the boy was 9, some rich relatives offered to pay his education at a noble Jesuit college.

While studying, Arthur developed hatred of class and religious prejudice, as well as physical punishment. The only happy moment were connected with the encouraging letters he received from his mother. At school his favourite pastimes were cricket and storytelling. The classmates often gathered around him and spent hours listening to his fictional stories. In 1876, he graduated from college and returned to his native Edinburgh. At that time his father was in bad condition and had to be placed in a psychiatric hospital. Under the influence of Dr. Waller, who rented a room in their house, Arthur decided to pursue medical career and entered the University of Edinburgh. There, he met future writers R. L. Stevenson and J. Barrie. As a student, he tried his talent in literary field.

The first story that he wrote was The Mystery of Sasassa Valley. He created it under the influence of his favourite writers works. At that time he admired E. A. Poe and B. Harte. The same year he wrote The American Tale which was published in London Society journal. In 1880, he travelled and worked as a doctor on a ships board. This period of his life was later described in his autobiography. A year later he explored the western coastline of Africa working on a steamships board. In 1882, he opened the first medical cabinet in Portsmouth. In his free time he wrote detective stories. In 1885, he married Louise Hawkins. A year later, he seriously took up literature. Soon, he published A Study in Scarlet story, where for the first time he mentioned Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.

In 1891, Doyle decided to quit his medical practice and concentrate on writing. The same year the magazine Strand asked him to write more detective stories about Sherlock Holmes. Starting from 1892 he travelled a lot with his family. At the same time he was working on the novel Uncle Barnak. In 1896, Arthur was again in England and he wrote his first theater play called Sherlock Holmes. In 1906, his wife died and he remarried the next year. With his new wife he had three more children. During the World War I, Doyle lost many friends and close relatives. In the early 1920s, he took up spiritualism and lectured this science in many countries. His last book The Maracot Deep and Other Stories was written in 1929. The writer died on July 7th, 1930 of a heart attack.

. Biography of Arthur Conan Doyle
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